It is further charged that the narratives contradict each other in several particulars. This is shown by the existence of two differing accounts (doublets) of the same event: thus e.g. “P” purports to reflect a “Priestly Code.” “D” identifies what is known as the “Deuteronomic” writer.
Does a literal reading of the text show remarkable knowledge of future discoveries?
How does Joseph explain to his brothers the reason for his being sold into Egypt and the purpose of his sufferings?
How can this perspective toward your own suffering make it possible for you to forgive someone who has grievously hurt you?
First let me start with the basic outline of how old various manuscripts are.
The Dead Sea Scrolls (in Hebrew) are the oldest manuscripts, and are roughly from between 200BCE and 100CE.